The trip was proposed by comrade Tae Ateh because of quantum superimposition of basic spatial, temporal and animist features, but also because of the biggest variety of the lichens found in the area of Raižiai - (45 taxa), and where most of the gravestones are siliceous rocks (natural collector of information – a hard disc). Very rare species identified were Lecanora semipallida H.Magn., Lecanora sulphurea (Hoffm.) Ach., Xanthoparmelia verruculifera (Nyl.) O. Blanco, Psilolechia lucida (Ach.) M. Choisy, Rhizocarpon geographicum (L.) DC., and Rhizocarpon lecanorinum Anders.
The Raižiai village is known as Tatarian living place since XVI century. There was a Lithuanian Muslim centre since before the World War II and still the community survives as an animist unit – singularity or wahdat.
Event co-ordinated by Alytus Biennial Reversion into Abolition of Culture And Distribution of its Aberrant Bacillus Right Abroad – Committee (ABRACADABRA-C) did an attempt to arrange the trans-national psychic workers‘ meeting with the local community of Raižiai. The communication was available only through the local representative of community Ipolitas, who arranged it in a way of tourist entertainment by presenting the symbolic items, which supposed to mean community itself.
We did a tour through the basic symbolic arrangements serving as screens for the local community to hide away – that was what we realized in the end of our tour when it started to be clear that nobody from the community are willing to appear.
The grand symbol of the Tartar community is the monument for the symbiosis of the Grand Duchess of Lithuania (Columns of Gediminas) and Golden Horde (Tarak-Tamga) – there our tour has started. Comrade Tae Ateh recognized two letters coming into one….
The first time dimension – the dates – those to coincide with the beginning of the Age of Divinity. The oldest date on the memorial is 1397 - this is 2 years after the death of Naimi Fazlallah Hurufi - The Seal of the Saints. The arc of time up until 2007 when Isidore Isou died is what we call the Age of Divinity. It is the period where Judaism is transformed, through the synthesis of Islam and Christianity in Protestantism, into Capitalism which reaches its apex as the organising force of the world.
The second time dimension was the situ time of the sun clock, showing the local time. And another one time dimension here was showing the time from the location were the Battle of Grünwald (First Battle of Tannenberg or Battle of Žalgiris – the absolute symbol adopted by Lithuanian nationalism) took place – that is because of the exceptional loyalty what was shown by the Tatar community towards the majority of the population who identified themselves as Lithuanians through the ages. Although the battle is much more important not because of commanding, but rather because of the proletarian role of Lipka tatars as we will show later in this text.
As is now common knowledge, the Anthropocene is the proposed name for a new geological era, the "recent human era." This understanding relies on the identification of a "single physical manifestation of a change recorded in a stratigraphic section, often reflecting a global-change phenomenon."
While wondering in Raižiai Tae Ateh found a strange round-shaped stone in a field. We were told that this was the redundant part supposed to be on the top of the monument.
Finally we were invited to visit the local mosque, built in 1889 and which was the only one to function during the Soviet period. Our comrade Tae Ateh refused to do the tour because he saw it too much tourist-like and abusive to the Muslim faith – the women and girls didn‘t cover their heads when entering the mosque... so far the only regulation from the host was to take off the shoes. Here Tae Ateh disagreed with Tae Ateh’s so far her opinion was that respect to the person should not surpass the request and/or the invitation of the one who is hosting you. But possibly it was Tae Ateh’s excuse so he wouldn’t have to take his shoes off...
There we were left in the void by our guide to the local community, because another time for the next tourist tour was appointed. Our group of psychic workers decided to wander around and to drift through the old Tatar cemeteries. We were told that there all the surroundings are privatized – therefore not good for wandering – except the cemeteries – they have there around 7 places witch served as a final destination places in different periods of time.
We‘ve got separated into small groups. Tae Ateh rejected to go to the cemetery in multitude of persons and stayed just beside the road accompanied by few companions.
This ability to perceive and agreed upon a visible and graphic distinction in physical phenomena is inevitably and persistently imbricated with concepts of race and racialization from the very formation of what is now called Earth system science.
The old cemetery is on the entrance of Raižiai village in the forest on the hill. It consists of older and newer parts. Actually the newer part is similar to catholic cemeteries, only the writings on gravestones are both in Arab and Russian, Lithuanian or Polish languages. Another difference – in some cases, the writing is on the other side of stone. This is due to the fact that each coffin is looking towards its own headstone and all graves are situated towards the East, facing Mecca. The older part of cemetery already has a so called historical layer, as most of the grave stones are about half meter down in the soil. Writings are only in Arab. There was less of diversity in lichens, but we drifted away for a while.
Then we passed through the main cemetery – where graves were partly identical to the catholic ones, but there was some older part similar to the previous old cemetery, just in the open space in a grass meadow. Here we got into the promised diversity of the lichens.
Lichens are conspicuously absent in the cities because many species are sensitive to pollution, especially to sulphur dioxide and fluorine, which are common pollutants. For this reason, they have been commonly used as indicators of certain pollutants, especially since different species are sensitive to different chemicals and quantities of them. In urban areas, where lichen surveys have been carried out, the absence of certain indicator species is used as early warnings of decrease in air quality. So lichens are true class enemies to the bourgeoisie – the true animist proletariat. There were no remnants of bourgeois symbolism, but it goes well together with exposed Tatars loyalty to the stronger majority what made their community to survive through the ages. Another interesting fact about lichen is that they are not one species, but fungi and algae living in a symbiotic relationship. Most of these species are entirely incapable of surviving on their own, and can only be found with a limited amount of the overall possible matches. As the fungi cannot photosynthesize and has very limited resources on the barren rock or wood that they can be found on, the algae provides it with the needed energy by harnessing the power of the Sun. Meanwhile, the algae would get washed away by the first rain on its own, so the fungi provides it with a solid base and collects enough moisture that both species need. This is one of the most beautiful examples of mutual support and comradery.
As combining the features of the algae and fungus, lichens‘ mycelium is a part of a neurological network of nature that operates similar to the internet, allowing it to communicate with the planet and other species. This neurological network of nature can be found not only on Earth but also in the web structures of dark matter, the matrices of string theory, philosophy of 3 sided football and many parts of the Universe. We consider this neurological network being the structure of natural psychic working.
In short, my question is: what kind of "man" is meant when we say "Anthropocene"? Given that the "Anthropos" in the Anthropocene turns out to be our old friend the (imperialist) white male, my mantra has become: it’s not the Anthropocene, it’s the white supremacy scene. Many within academia might find such terminology too crude or extreme. For #BlackLivesMatter activists, however, white supremacy is a given. Since the events in Ferguson, even mainstream figures like Hillary Clinton have been speaking of "systemic racism," using the phrase coined by social scientists Joe Feagin and Sean Elias.
Lichens also play a very significant role in nature. They are the pioneers in rocky substrates, where there is no soil. Lichens break down the rocky substrate into soil and their decomposing thallus fertilize the newly produced soil, making it possible for the plant habitation.
And there in Raižiai some three Tae Ateh’s got high for a short due to the 3-species-mixed-lichens‘ joint. That was a proletarian solidarity act. The diversity of lichens connected human, non-human and more-then-human persons of the world – their lungs got connected to the lungs of the world – multitude into oneness – kathiral into wahdat.
There is worth to make a collation between two kinds of communities – the one of Tatars, which is a close one and strives for surviving and that of psychic workers, each of whom is still so convinced of the unity of all beings, of the totality of all things, that suffers from the dissonances to the point of self-disintegration.
In the timeframe of the Anthropocene (whichever one uses), that system can only mean "white" (Euro-American) domination of the colonized and enslaved African, Asian and Native populations of the world.
Later Tae Ateh has been thinking a bit about the disagreement between Tae Ateh and Tae Ateh at the Raižiai mosque over the Tatar cemetery - or perhaps not disagreement - but we can call it quantum decoherence - is based on 2 different approaches to revolutionary animism. In one there is an attempt or position where a direct dialogue is sought with the non-human or animist forces (to commune with lichens). The other is where the dialogue is only made through a direct dialogue with those humans who are either animist in their ideologies or beliefs or are from a different spiritual background from yourself. I think the synthesis of these 2 is what we should aim for.
The same quantum decoherence led all the biennial since its very beginning till the end discussion. In the beginning it was this idea of primitivism, the clash with feminists and traditionalists - that the discussions of revolutionary animism brought out - and also of african comrades and the relation to art and practicing art - how our solidarity takes shape. Tae Ateh approached with sharp criticism of the (who she called) [anarcho]primitivist - and Tae Ateh responded with defence of him - explaining that he was just trying to use our language and communicate in a way that he thought we expected him to. Another case was Tae Ateh‘s criticism of the african (who called herself) artist and Tae Ateh defended her that she was just using the language that she thought that we would understand or expect her to... and there was a symmetry perhaps. This relates to all the decoherences what ever happen during the last biennial.
To set the Anthropocene boundary in 1610 indicates that human action was part of the transformation of the planet but not all of it. Trees and other vegetation contributed to the drop in CO2 , while viruses like smallpox caused the bulk of immense mortality of the native peoples. The key development for Lewis and Maslin is the so-called “Columbian exchange” that brought different animal, plant and virus populations into contact for the first time, with world historical and Earth system consequences. J. R. McNeill has shown that European conquest of the Americas was accidentally facilitated by the spread of viruses to which the local populations had no immunity.
He follows up by pointing out that late eighteenth century independence movements and revolutions in the Americas were also successful in part because armies sent from Europe to pacify them succumbed instead to yellow fever, malaria and other diseases to which the hybrid American populations had acquired resistance.
Revolutionary Animism is a direct antithesis to capitalist secularism or scientism - or perhaps a synthesis of the scientism and animism - hence becoming revolutionary. Dualist Tae Ateh‘s approaches need to be synthesised - or perhaps it should develop in trying to approach this. But there is another direction of this.
In order to fight the scientism/artism we need to look more and more at those who are considered ill - sick or disabled - those seen as useless - in the capitalist ideologies/ belief system. During our marches and activities this is what we need to open up - how to allow for the weakest, the sickest, and the least able - in all of our activities. Or rather base our activities from that perspective to begin with and to enrol the history back and forward in time and space – the proletarian version of history. The history not of those who kill, but of those who (re)produce.
Lewis and Maslin point to “the irreversible cross-ocean movement of species” in the Columbian Exchange as a “near-permanent change to Earth”.
Humans here act as vectors: what they do has immense consequences but ones that they do not foresee. At the same time, this interpretation minimizes the role of colonized and enslaved peoples in that change. Enslaved Africans, for example, both brought plants with them to the Americas and knew how to cultivate them. Perhaps the most notable example was rice, long cultivated by West Africans. Forcibly removed to North America, they brought this understanding with them, as Judith Charney explains: “the development of rice culture [in America] marked not simply the movement of a crop across the Atlantic but also the transfer of an entire cultural system, from production to consumption”.
2015 – Europe defines itself through terror and against terror – the bourgeois class gained power through the terror of the guillotine and now through its war on terror. But Paris is no longer the cultural capital of Europe - indeed our own actions begun in Alytus after Vilnius was made Capital of Culture in 2009. In 2015 Lithuania took the Euro.
1397 - this is 2 years after the death of Naimi Fazlallah Hurufi - The Seal of the Saints. The arc of time up until 2007 when Isidore Isou died is what we call the Age of Divinity. It is the period where Judaism is transformed, through the synthesis of Islam and Christianity in Protestantism, into Capitalism which reaches its apex as the organising force of the world.
The Alytus Psychic Strike was announced in 2007 – with the end of the Age if Divinity and the first Alytus Psychic Strike biennial begin in 2009, 2 years after. And every 2 years we folded back onto this date.
By contrast, to date the Anthropocene from the first atomic weapon is to give a certain set of humans’ far more deliberate power. As the director of the Manhattan Project, Robert J. Oppenheimer, put it at the Trinity site: “I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds”. This Nietzschean becoming paradoxically places the future of the planet solely in human hands. As Ellen Crist has described such suprematism is increasingly common: “In the Anthropocene discourse, we witness history’s projected drive to keep moving forward as history’s conquest not only of geographical space but now of geological time as well”.
July 15, 1410 The Battle of Grunwald. Jalal ad-Din led the Lipka Tatar and Lithuanian light cavalry on a suicide charge against the Teutonic Knights' artillery positions - the original "Charge of the Light Brigade". The Teutonic Knights' Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen responded by ordering his own heavy cavalry to pursue the Lipkas away from the field of battle, trampling through their own infantry in the process. The resulting destruction of the Teutonic Knights' line of battle was a major factor in their subsequent defeat.
25 October 1854, the Battle of Balaclava
"Attack what? What guns, sir?"
"There, my Lord, is your enemy!" said Nolan indignantly, vaguely waving his arm eastwards. "There are your guns!"
The most famous Charge of the Light Brigade was hundreds of years later Battle of Balaclave was of course the other side of the Black Sea to where Fażlu l-Lāh Astar-Ābādī, also called Nāimī was martyred by the son of Timurlaine in 1394. It was a few years later in 1397 that Tokhtamysh rebelling against Timurlaine settled in Lithuania. An event commemorated at the memorial in Raižiai.
1648 The Peace of Westphalia coincides with the declaration of Sabatai Zevi as the Messiah but it is 300 years later that Israel is founded as a state.
The proletariat suffered a grave defeat in 1945, but it could not be overcome by proposing an action compatible with the tasks of the proletariat in a given period, but which has no relation to the present situation. The defeat of 1945 signified the impossibility for the proletariat to substitute itself for and to replace capital in the slavic area, and in other areas, which rose up after 1945, and to prevent capital from realizing its real domination on the social level, firstly and immediately in the West, then over the whole of the planet (to the extent that it even is the superior form which dominates the others). We have said that capital can only achieve that by realizing the domination of the immediate being of the proletariat - productive labour.
This implies a total break with everything that was the theory and practice of the workers' movement prior to 1945 and, given that from 1923 to 1945 there was merely the repetition of what happened between 1917 and 1923, we can modify our proposition by saying that we must break with the theory and practice of the workers' movement up to 1923.
This is not, however, to propose to build a new movement starting from the ruins of various elements of the old proletarian movement. It in no way means the writing of a new manifesto, a new programme etc., nor to return to Marx by copying his attitudes and considering them to be more revolutionary. The return to something is often the flight from something else, from contemporary reality. In fact, it consists in thinking of the lapsing of certain parts of Marx's work, lapsed because they are realized.
Marx's work basically outlines three great periods of humanity with the implicit discontinuities between them: the passage from feudalism to the capitalist mode of production, the development of this mode of production and the becoming of communism.
Tae Ateh recently met with Stuart Brisley who said that he and Gustav Metzger and others had started an Artists Union in the 1960s. However once the union was formed Brisley left disillusioned with its lack of direct action.
However Brisley and his co-workers are busy working with the calendar of the French revolution - used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871. Since this calendar required total decimilisation - from minutes, hours, days etc, he has been doing performances using decimal measures of time. According to that Republican calendar it is now CCXXIV - in Arabic numbers that is 224.
This brave new era is well captured in the title of Clive Hamilton’s 2013 book: Earthmasters. Who, though, are these “masters”? Not people as a whole, so much as an elite minority. Put bluntly, it seems that white supremacy, not content with being the Über-mensch, has settled on the ultimate destiny of being a geological agent.
However our own calendar begins with The End of the Age of Divinity - by which count it is year 8. Or indeed we could instead count [Psychic Strike] Biennials - by which count it is the 4th biennial.
|Age of Primitive Communism
||Homicide, patricide, infanticide, matricide
||The Age of Prophets
(Adam – Merlin – Mohammed: Judaism, Christianity, Islam)
|Age of Feudalism
||The Age of Saints
(Ali – Fazlallah)
|Age of Industrial Capitalism
||Regicide, genocide, democide, ecocide, biocide
||The Age of Divinity
(Dante – Isou)
|Age of Relation
||The Age of Proletarians
Alytus Biennial repeats activities every 2 years - the 3SF, the orgone ray collection, the noise jam, the monstration - in order to fold time back on itself, to concentrate our activity in space and class by repeating it in time. Similar to the idea of every game of 3SF being the same game. A few people did not understand this - I heard one person say the march has become expected by people of Alytus, another say the jam was removed from people of Alytus. I think these are misunderstandings of why we made these actions again and again and why we did them in this way. Similarly the question at FM99 radio about public space and dada: public space and public time is never open to everyone - the public hardly exists. The workers are always excluded from this. The construction of "public" is a bourgeois public. So our actions were always antithetical to this.
The orgone collection is another example. I heard from Tae Ateh that Tae Ateh was critical that we occupied the fountain while people wanted to have their wedding photos there. I also felt uneasy about this. The "people of Alytus" (this is a particularly bourgeois construction that we helped to banish) did not either expect our ritual or welcome it. However it is an intervention compounded through being done 6 times over 12 years - a sex majik ritual that plays with the fertility ritual of the wedding photos. The fountain as a psychogeographical sex majik node. Communudist alchemical commune. Situpathic vertex of revolutionary animism. The specific group of people: we as an international group of psychic workers were working with the young people of the Alytus Art School. This is vital. Its not an abstract public but a group of local youth who reject the traditions and are creating something new and in this we stand with them.
Time repeats over and over until we learn and can move on: tragedy – farce – tragicomedy – postmodern art – whatever.
In his classic Black Reconstruction, W.E.B. Du Bois showed that slavery fell because of the “general strike" of the enslaved, not Northern abolitionism. Half a million of the enslaved upped and left the Confederacy ending slavery by default two years before the Emancipation proclamation in 1863. Those of the strikers who joined the Union armies are now accepted to have helped swing the Civil War against the South. It is fashionable to say that it is harder to imagine the end of capitalism than the end of the world. On the contrary, it is far easier to envisage a mass resistance of those designated not human by white supremacy against fossil fuel capitalism. Slavery was ended by the transnational resistance of the enslaved that grew from local actions to the Haitian revolution and the general strike against US slavery. The year before Haiti’s uprising, ending slavery was as improbable as ending fossil fuel capitalism sometimes seems today. It is up to all of us to see that history repeats itself, not as tragedy or farce, but as the sequel that is better than the original.